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Genital Wart

It is the name given to the wart (verrukaya) caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) in the genital area.

HPV infection, which is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the world, is more common in individuals who have their first sexual experience at an early age and who have a large number of sexual partners.

How is HPV Transmitted?

Genital warts have a very high potential for infection. Genital warts are mostly transmitted by oral, anal and vaginal sexual contact. However, it can also be transmitted by contact with warts or warts in different parts of the person's body and by contact with a person or people with HPV.
Risk Factors in HPV Transmission;

  • Early sexual intercourse
  • Excessive number of sexual partners
  • Unprotected sex
  • History of sexually transmitted infection
  • Immune system

What are the Symptoms of Genital Warts?

It is seen as raised or flat, skin-colored-pink-brown skin-like mole-like bumps on the skin. Genital warts usually start in millimeters, but rarely a few cm warts can also be seen. Although genital warts often do not cause symptoms; Bleeding and itching may also occur.

Which Ways Are Followed in Genital Wart Treatment?

  • As a medical cream treatment, imiquimod (Aldara®) is applied every other day, at night, and the treatment can be continued for up to 16 weeks. Its effectiveness is more limited than cryotherapy and cautery treatment.
  • It can be used to prevent recurrence of the disease in cases with rapid regeneration after cryotherapy or cautery treatment.
  • The application of podophylline is done by the patient or the doctor and it is requested to wash off 4-6 hours after the drug is applied on the wart.
  • Bichloric acid or TCA 35–85% can be applied to the warts once or twice a week. It is also safe to use in pregnant women. However, the efficacy is less compared to cryotherapy.
  • Cryotherapy (liquid nitrogen) and electrocautery applications are more effective than cream applications and can be used in pregnant women.
  • In large warts, surgical method may be required.

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