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What is Genital Wart?

What is genital wart?

It is the name given to the wart (verrukaya) caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) in the genital area. HPV infection, which is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the world, is more common in individuals who have their first sexual experience at an early age and who have a large number of sexual partners.

How is HPV transmitted?

Genital warts have a very high potential for infection. Genital warts are mostly transmitted by oral, anal and vaginal sexual contact. The contagion rate between partners is about 60%. Due to the high rate of infection, the lifetime incidence of genital warts in sexually active individuals has approached 50%.

Risk factors in HPV transmission;
Early sexual intercourse
Excessive number of sexual partners
Unprotected sex
History of sexually transmitted infection
Immune system

Can HPV be transmitted outside of sexual intercourse?

HPV can also be transmitted outside of sexual contact. Although the most common form of transmission is through sexual contact;
It can also be transmitted by contact with warts or warts in different parts of the person's body and by contact with a person or people with HPV.

Can HPV be seen in children?

HPV can also be seen in children. Anogenital warts seen in children under the age of 2 are thought to be transmitted from the anogenital canal of the mother. Sexual abuse is an important cause in warts observed over the age of 2 years. However, it is known that anogenital warts observed in children can also occur through different contact ways, such as sharing the same bathroom with people with HPV virus.

In which parts of the body does HPV infection occur?

In women;
External genitalia
Cervix (cervix)
Perianal region (around the breech)
In men;
External genitalia
Perianal region (around the breech) can be seen.
However, in individuals with genital warts, warts can also be seen in the oral region, eye, respiratory tract and nose region.

What are the symptoms of genital warts?

Genital warts caused by HPV can progress without any symptoms. Genital warts, which appear as raised or flat, skin-colored-pink-brown flesh-like bumps on the skin, usually start in millimeters, but rarely, warts of a few centimeters can be seen. Genital warts, which are large, merged or appear as nodules, are more common in immunosuppressed, that is, immunosuppressed and diabetic patients. After the formation of the lesions, the number and size of the warts may increase or regress spontaneously. Although genital warts often do not cause symptoms; Bleeding and itching may occur. Symptoms in women; Apart from general symptoms, women may experience bleeding during sexual intercourse or pregnancy due to warts in the internal genital area. Itching may occur in the external genitalia.

Symptoms in men; Genital warts can be seen on the penis, testicles, groin and rectum in men. Genital warts, although rare, can cause difficulty in going to the toilet when they occur in the anus or urinary tract.

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